Raisins are dried fruits of certain grape varieties. The grapes were grown back in 2000 BC in Persia and Egypt. The ancient Greeks and Romans decorated the places of worship with raisins, they were also awarded to them as prizes of winners at sporting events. The main producers of raisins are Turkey, Greece, Uzbekistan, by the mid-20th century, the United States and Australia also mastered industrial production. Izyum varieties are quite a few, among them there are several main, most popular:
1. «Malayer» - light brownish, seedless variety, differs even in the same size of berries;
2. «Sultani» - light or brownish raisins, not containing seeds;
3. «Golden» - sugary seedless variety of golden color;
4. «Shigani» - dark-colored variety, not containing seeds.
According to its quality characteristics, seedless raisins are also divided into 3 varieties: highest, first, second.
Raisins can contain up to 72% sugar by weight, most of which is fructose and glucose. They also contain about 3% protein and 3.7–6.8% dietary fiber. Raisins, like prunes and apricots, are rich in antioxidants, but contain less vitamin C than fresh grapes. Raisins are low in sodium and do not contain cholesterol as an excellent source of iron. Scientists have shown that among people with a slight increase in blood pressure, regular consumption of raisins (three times a day) can significantly lower blood pressure.
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